Like time, place is an essential aspect of general circumstances necessary
to be considered. Settings constrain how and what a speaker says.
of invention or "commonplaces."
These are the mainstay of rhetorical invention.
- Progymnasmata exercise: commonplace
- A short, pithy, sayingsnonymous with adage,
proverb, or sententia.
According to Aristotle Greek oratory was categorized according to three
specific kinds of occasions, each of which he associated with a given
place (a law court, a legislative assembly, a ceremony).
- Progymnasmata: description,
For each of these basic rhetorical exercises "place" was a
suggested subject matter to be described, praised, or blamed.