hypallage hypallage
 hy-pal'-la-ge Gk. "interchange"
Also sp. hipallage

Shifting the application of words. Mixing the order of which words should correspond with which others.
  Also, sometimes, a synonym for metonymy (see Quintilian).
  Come stay with me and dine not.

Darksome wandering by the solitary night (instead of "Solitary wandering by the darksome night") —Angel Day

In the following example, Bottom tries to recall the dream he has had, misquoting scripture as he goes. Hypallage occurs by misaligning sense organs with their proper sensations:
The eye of man hath not heard, the ear of man hath not seen, man's hand is not able to taste, his tongue to conceive, nor his heart to report, what my dream was.
—Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night's Dream 4.1.211-214

Related Figures

See Also

  Sources: Quintilian 8.6.23 (as synonym for "metonymy"); Isidore 1.36.22; Day 1599 83; Putt. (1589) 182 ("hipallage," "the changeling")

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Gideon O. Burton, Brigham Young University
Please cite "Silva Rhetoricae" (rhetoric.byu.edu)

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