synecdoche synecdoche
 si-nek'-do-kee Gk. "to take with something else"
Also sp. syndoche
intellectio, subintellectio, pars pro toto
intelleccion, figure of quick conceite

A whole is represented by naming one of its parts (genus named for species), or vice versa (species named for genus).
  The rustler bragged he'd absconded with five hundred head of longhorns.
Both "head" and "longhorns" are parts of cattle that represent them as wholes

Listen, you've got to come take a look at my new set of wheels.
One refers to a vehicle in terms of some of its parts, "wheels"

"He shall think differently," the musketeer threatened, "when he feels the point of my steel."
A sword, the species, is represented by referring to its genus, "steel"

Related Figures

Related Topics of Invention
  Sources: Ad Herennium 4.33.44-45 ("intellectio"); Quintilian 8.6.19-22; Trebizond 61r ("intellectio"); Susenbrotus (1540) 7-8 ("synecdoche," "intellectio"; Sherry (1550) 42 ("synecdoche," "intellectio," "intelleccion"); Peacham (1577) C3r; Fraunce (1588) 1.8-11; Putt. (1589) 196, 205 ("synecdoche," "figure of quick conceite"); Day 1599 78; Hoskins 1599 11; Melanchthon (1531) b1r

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Gideon O. Burton, Brigham Young University
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