pro-gym-nas'-ma-ta from Gk. pro "before" and gymnasmata "exercises"
   Rhetorical Pedagogy: Rhetorical Exercises

A set of rudimentary exercises intended to prepare students of rhetoric for the creation and performance of complete practice orations (gymnasmata or declamations). A crucial component of classical and renaissance rhetorical pedagogy. Many progymnasmata exercises correlate directly with the parts of a classical oration.

The 14 Progymnasmata

Similar progymnasmata are grouped together. The exercises are in general sequential.

Related Figures See Also
Internet Resources
Sources: Ad Alexandrum 1436a26; Theon; Aphthonius; Hermogenes; Quintilian ("primae exercitationes"); Richard Rainolde (1563)


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Gideon O. Burton, Brigham Young University
Please cite "Silva Rhetoricae" (