schemes of grammatical construction
figures of speech

Many figures of speech are directly related to syntactical features of grammar (or can best be understood in terms of language departing from conventional grammar). Schemes of grammatical construction can be divided into four general categories:

  1. disorder / transposition
    (See Four Categories of Change: Transposition; Figures of Order)
  2. defect / subtraction
    (See Four Categories of Change: Substitution)
  3. surplus / addition
    (See Four Categories of Change: Addition)
  4. exchange / substitution
    (See Four Categories of Change: Substitution)

Related Figures

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Gideon O. Burton, Brigham Young University
Please cite "Silva Rhetoricae" (

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