Subtraction detractio / subtrahendo kata endeian
The four categories of change: addition  |  subtraction  |  transposition  |  substitution

A basic strategy in the manipulation of discourse for rhetorical purposes, along with addition, transposition, and substitution.

Figures of Subtraction

  • anesis
  • meiosis
    If not strictly "subtraction," meiosis is a kind of semantic reduction: the reference to something with a name disproportionately lesser than its nature.
  • charientismus
  • tapinosis
  • syncope
    Cutting letters or syllables from the middle of a word
  • synaloepha
    Omitting one of two vowels which occur together at the end of one word and the beginning of another.
  • restrictio

Figures of Omission

See Also

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Gideon O. Burton, Brigham Young University
Please cite "Silva Rhetoricae" (

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