Figures of Speech: Schemes
Scheme: An artful deviation from the ordinary arrangement of words.
- Parallelism Similarity of structure
in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses.
- Isocolon A series of similarly
structured elements having the same length.
- Tricolon Three parallel elements
of the same length occurring together.
- Antithesis Juxtaposition of contrasting
ideas (often in parallel structure).
- Climax Generally, the arrangement
of words, phrases, or clauses in an order of increasing importance,
often in parallel structure.
- Anastrophe Inversion of natural
- Parenthesis Insertion of a verbal
unit that interrupts normal syntactical flow.
- Apposition Addition of an adjacent,
coordinate, explanatory element.
- Ellipsis Omission of a word or
words readily implied by context.
- Asyndeton Omission of conjunctions
between a series of clauses.
- Brachylogia Omission of conjunctions
between a series of words.
- (Polysyndeton) Opposite of asyndeton,
a superabundance of conjunctions
- Alliteration Repetition of initial
or medial consonants in two or more adjacent words.
- Assonance Repetition of similar
vowel sounds, preceded and followed by different consonants, in
the stressed syllables of adjacent words.
- Polyptoton Repetition of words
derived from the same root.
- Antanaclasis Repetition of
a word in two different senses.
- Anaphora Repetition of the same
word or group of words at the beginning of successive clauses.
- Epistrophe Repetition of the
same word or group of words at the ends of successive clauses.
- Epanalepsis Repetition at the
end of a clause of the word that occurred at the beginning of the
- Anadiplosis Repetition of the
last word of one clause at the beginning of the following clause.
- Climax Repetition of the scheme anadiplosis
at least three times, with the elements arranged in an order of
- Antimetabole Repetition of
words, in successive clauses, in reverse grammatical order. (Sometimes
mistaken as chiasmus)
- Chiasmus Repetition of grammatical
structures in reverse order in successive phrases or clauses (not
to be mistaken with antimetabole).
Figures of speech main page
Other groupings of figures